Mitigating COVID-19 Risk Through Architectural Design Strategies


  • Peter Oluwatoyin Adewale The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti
  • Opeyemi T. Daramola Department of Architectural Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti
  • Tayewo Segun Olanrewaju Department of Architectural Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti



Architectural design, Corona-virus disease, Infection control, WHO-COVID-19 protocol


The outbreak and rapid spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has continued to pose health and economic challenges to the whole world. The possibility of getting over this pandemic by the eradication of the virus or finding a cure to the disease remains uncertain. The only public health response to the pandemic thus remains curtailing its transmission by eliminating or reducing the risk of infection. To date, there are three main factors that increase the risk of infection, namely: closed spaces without ventilation; spaces that encourage dense gatherings and the environments that foster close physical connections. All these occur mainly in buildings. The layout and design of buildings therefore plays a critical role in reducing the risk of infection is therefore critical. This paper, guided by hierarchy of infection control model and the World Health Organisation (WHO) COVID-19 protocols, proposed a prescriptive model for controlling the spread of the disease through architectural design strategies.

Author Biography

Opeyemi T. Daramola, Department of Architectural Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti

Arc Mrs Opeyemi Daramola is a lecturer in the Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti with active years of professional practice and teaching. She attended the Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State where she graduated with Upper Credit thereby enabling her to proceed to Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife Osun State where she bagged Bachelor of Science ( Arch) and Master of Architecture (M. Arch) respectively. she is a member of the Nigerian Institute of Architect with her serving as the current General Secretary for Ekiti State Chapter. She is fully registered with the Architects Registration Council of Nigeria. Arc. Mrs  Opeyemi Daramola had led many projects in Ekiti, Ondo and Osun States. As an academic, she has some journal publications as well as conference presentations and seminars to her credit. Her areas of research interests include: Housing and Urban Studies, Interior Design, and Environmental Sustainability.


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How to Cite

Adewale, P. O., Daramola, O. T., & Olanrewaju, T. S. (2022). Mitigating COVID-19 Risk Through Architectural Design Strategies. Journal for Environmental Sciences, 1(1), 8–15.