Housing Choice and Preferences of Civil Servants in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria


  • Peter Oluwatoyin Adewale The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti
  • Adebayo Alex Adewole Department of Estate Management and Valuation, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti
  • Opeyemi T. Daramola




Civil servant, housing attributes,, housing preference,, tenure


Housing is a dynamic phenomenon continuously undergoing changes to keep pace with the changing social circumstances and technological innovations. Housing consumers, in turn, adjust their housing preferences and tastes to the desired benefits of each individual. The understanding of preferences and tastes of a particular group at a particular time is, therefore, key to the success of any housing development or programme for such group. To date, few attempts have been made by researchers to examine the housing preferences of government workers in Ibadan metropolis. Against this backdrop, the present paper carries out a preference study in Ibadan city to determine government workers’ housing preferences and how these vary across socio-demographic strata of the group. Structured questionnaire was administered on 178 respondents selected through multi-stage sampling technique. The data obtained were analysed using frequencies, percentages and Relative Importance Index. Findings revealed that distance to school was considered the most important among locational attributes. Toilets and bathrooms were ranked the highest among dwelling attributes; while majority of the respondents rated electricity supply as the most important among local amenities. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann- Whitney tests show that there was no significant difference in the rating of the housing attributes except proximity to big family, kitchen and study room where the families with school children consider them more important than those without school children. The paper closes by making recommendations that would assist policy-makers, real estate agents and housing design professionals to make better housing decisions for the group.


A. Aribigbola, “Conceptual issues in housing and housing provision in Nigeria”. In O.B. Akinbamijo, A.S. Fawehinmi, A. Olotuah and D.R. Ogunsemi (eds), Effective Housing in the 21st Century (pp. 1-8), Akure, Nigeria: The Environmental Forum, 2000.

A.O. Windapo, O.E. Ogunsanmi, O.A. Iyagba, O.A. “Difference in housing preferences and tastes of households in selected Nigerian cities”, Building Quarterly, 2005, 4(2), 10-12.

A.O. Afon, “Use of residents’ environmental quality indicator data in core residential housing improvement” In: O.B. Akinbamijo, A.S. Fawehinmi, A.O. Olotuah, & D.R. Ogunsemi (eds.), Effective Housing in the 21st Century Nigeria (pp. 115-122). Akure, Nigeria: The Environmental Forum, 2000.

B.Z. Zinas, M.B.M. Jusan, “Housing choice and preferences: Theory and measurement”, Procedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences, 2012, 49, 282-292.

L. Shi, “Housing preferences of residents in Stellenbosch, South Africa: An application of Hedonic Price Model”, M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Consumer Science, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, 2005.

D. Rahmadaniyati, M. Faqih, A. Hayati, “Housing preference for low-income people in Indonesia”, Proceedings of ASEA-UNINET Scientific Meeting on “Enhancing Academic Collaboration through the scientific meeting, Udayama University, Bali, Indonesia, 2016.

P.O. Adewale, O.O. Adhuze, “Yoruba indigenous architecture and cultural globalisation: Implications for nation-building in Nigeria”, Journal of the Built Environment, 2018 1(1), 218-236.

K.B. Strzalka, “What are the students’ housing preferences? A case study of Lublin, Poland”, M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2019.

C.O. Adebayo, “Comfort factors low-cost houses: A case study of Batu Pahat, Johor Malaysia”, M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Property and Facilities Management, Faculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 2013.

J. Kersloot, T. Kauko, “Measurement of housing preferences – A comparison of research activity in the Netherlands and Finland”, Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 2004, 1, 144-253.

H. Coolen, J. Hoekstra, “Values as determinants of preferences for housing attributes”, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 2001, 16, 285-306.

R.A. Opoku, A.G., Abdul-Muhmin, “Housing preferences and attribute importance among low-income consumers in Saudi Arabia”, Habitat International, 2010, 34, 219-227.

H.T.H. Lan, “A study of housing preference of young households using stated preference approach”, M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011.

N. Farasa, H.E. Kusuma, “Housing preferences of young adults in Indonesia: Housing attributes”, 10P Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018, 126, 1-9.

P. De Jong, J. Rouwendal, P.F., van Hattum, A. Brouwer, “Housing preferences of ageing population: Investigation in the diversity among Dutch older adults: Netspar discussion paper”, 2012.

I.V. Ossokina, T.A. Arentze, D. van Gamereh, D. van den Heuval, “Best living concepts elderly homeowners: Combining a state choice experiment with architectural design”, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 2019. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s10901-019-09716-5.

J. Tsai, G.R. Bond, M.P. Salyers, J.L. Godfrey, K.E. Davis, “Housing preferences and choices among adults with mental illness and substance use disorders: A qualitative study”, Community Mental Health Journal, 2010, 46(4), 381-388.

D. Amole, “Students’ housing preferences in Southwestern Nigeria”, Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 2011, 28(1), 44-57.

A.O. Kolawole, A.R. Boluatife, “Assessment of the factors influencing students’ choice of residence in Nigerian tertiary institutions”, Sans Humanika, 2016, 8(2), 39-47.

D.O. Taiwo, N. Yusoff, N. Abdul-Aziz, “Housing preferences and choice in emerging cities of developing countries”, Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology, 2018, 10(1), 48-58.

T.H. Tan, “Locational, neighbourhood, structural and socio-cultural attributes of housing in homeownership decisions” In: International Real Estate Symposium (IRERS) 2012: Globalisation of Real Estate: Transforming and Opportunities (6th), 24-25 Apr, National Institute of Valuation, Ministry of Finance, Malaysia, 2012.

A.O. Yoade, “Housing preference of residents in Ile-Ife, Nigeria” Economic and Environmental Studies, 2016, 16(3), 435-452.

S.J.T. Jansen, H.C.C.H. Coolen, R.W.C. Goetgeluk, “Introduction”. In S.J.T. Jansen, H.C.C.H. Coolen, & R.W.C Goetgeluk The Measurement and Analysis of Housing Preference and Choice (pp. 1-27). London, UK: Springer, 2011.

O. Aluko, “The effects of location and neighbourhood attributes on housing values in Metropolitan Lagos”, European Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, 2011, 4(2), 69-82.

R. Hurthia, O. Gallay, M. Bierlaire, “Attributes of households, locations and real-estate markets for land use”, SustainCity Deliverable, 2010, 2(7). EPFL Lausanre.

D.A. Harpman, “Introduction to Conjoint Analysis for Valuing Ecosystem Amenities”, Technical Memorandum Number EC 2008-03. US Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Washington, DC, 2008.

R. Baker, C. Donaldson, H. Mason, A. Jones-Lee, “Willingness to pay for health. In Encyclopaedia of Health Economics” (pp. 495-501), 2014. Retrieved from https//doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375678-70053-4.

S. Simiyu, “Why shared toilets in informal settlements may pose a serious risk”, The Conversation. 2018. Retrieved from https://www.theconversation.

I.K. Tumwrebaze, H-J. Mosler, “Shared toilet users’ collective cleaning and development factors in Kampala Slums, Uganda”, BMC Public Health, 2014, 14(1260). 1-10.

P.O. Adewale, A.I. Adedeji, “Influence of housing design on waste disposal behaviour of residents in Ibadan Metropolis”, Journal of Research in Built Environment, 2019, 1(2), 65-82.




How to Cite

Adewale, P. O., Adewole, A. A., & Daramola, O. T. (2022). Housing Choice and Preferences of Civil Servants in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal for Environmental Sciences, 1(1), 15–28. https://doi.org/10.56180/jes.vol1.iss1.9