Homemade Tiles Production as A Means of Resource Recovery and Value Addition for Clay at Ita-Amo Ado-Ekiti Residential Area
Keywords:Ita-amo, Ao-Ekiti, Red Earth Clay, Homemade Tiles, Uni-axial, Die-pressing, Resource recovery
As the demand for tiles is in the increase in the 2020s, local production of unglazed wall tiles is suggested as a leeway for the potters whose pots are suffering a decline in demand and the sources of raw materials keep shrinking by the day. In this study, clay excavated at Ita-amo, in Ado Local government area was investigated for homemade tiles production. The particle size distribution, the pH value, the wet to dry shrinkage, and the effect of grog addition on the workability of the clay were assessed. A die mold was constructed and sample tiles were produced using the uniaxial pressing method. The tiles were fired to 800 and 1000oC. The porosity, surface hardness, and total shrinkage of fired pieces were examined. The result on particle size shows a bimodal size distribution, which is important for a good parking density. The wet to dry shrinkage is insignificant while that of fired dry to fired was within acceptable limits. The composition of a ratio of 80:20 of clay to grog was chosen for the production of samples. Samples fired up to 1000oC show qualities nearer to specification. Apart from the comparative lower surface hardness, the deviation from the values of the properties of existing quarry tiles is minimal. More investigation on how to improve surface hardness is required. Small-scale producers living in this area of abundant clay can take advantage of the cheap source of the material to stay in business.
Amoros, J. L., Sanchez, E., Cantavella, V., Monzo, M., Timellini, G., & Brindley, C. (2000). Mechanical Properties of Green Ceramic Bodies. Castellon (Spain), 59-75.
Andrew, G. (2013). Ceramic Mold Making Techniques. Retrieved from Ceramic Arts Network: www.ceramicartsdaily.org
ASTM, A. S. (2014). Standard Test Methods for Sieve Analysis and Water Content of Refractory Materials. ASTM C 92-95.
Clement, E. A., & Elizabeth, E. E. (2014). The Need for Sustainability of Depleting Clay Resources in Calabar. International Journal of Education and Research, 1 - 8.
Digital Fire. (2008). Simple Physical Testing to Compare Clay Materials. Retrieved from Digitalfire Ceramics Technical Articles: http://digitalfire.com
Hadyn, H. M. (2007). Applied Clay Mineralogy. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Holtst, P. G. (2021). Hardness of Ceramics and Porcelain. Retrieved from Holtz Web site: https://holst-porzelain.com
Hyunfsun, K., & Taekyu, K. (2002). Measurement of Hardness on Traditional Ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramics Society, 1437-1445.
Lakeside, P. (2020). Making Ceramic Tiles. Retrieved from Lakeside Pottery: http: // www.lakesidepottery.com
Mark, U., Onyemaobi, O., Nwobodo, C. S., & Uche, R. (2011). Evaluation of some Refractory Characteristics of Ohiya and Uzuakoli Clays. International Journal of Natural Applied Sciences, 238-248.
Murray, H. (2007). Applied Clay Mineralogy. Netherland: Elsevier B.V.
Norsker, H., & James, D. (1993). Technique of forning for Selfreliant Potter . Eschborn: Deutsches Zentrum Entwicklungstechnologien-Gate.
Rahman, M. N. (2000). Ceramic Processing and Sintering. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.
Ryan, W., & Radford, C. (1987). White wares Production, Testing, and Manufacturing Process. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Sara, D. (2020, December 9). How to Make Your Own Ceramic Tile. Retrieved from The Spruce Crafts Website: http//www.dotdash publishing.com
How to Cite
LicenseCopyright (c) 2022 Journal for Pure and Applied Sciences (JPAS)
The Journal is licensed to the Center of Research, Innovation and Development (CRID) of the Federal Polytechnic Ado-Ekiti.